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Home » Methods » Stakeholder Salience

Stakeholder Salience

Unclear roles and responsibilities
2-3 project managers
2 hours
  • Digital whiteboard: Miro or Mural
  • Video conferencing: Zoom, Microsoft Teams etc.
Best Practices

The Stakeholder Salience Model is a strategy tool for segmenting stakeholders. By ranking and evaluating all stakeholders based on three attributes: Power, Legitimacy, and Urgency, an overview and prioritization of all stakeholders who have a claim or interest in the problem and a potential solution is created.

Explanation of the method

  1. Identify the stakeholders of your project and think about their role in the project (e.g,. project leader, partners, competitors, suppliers, target group, etc.). Enter this information in the digital whiteboard.
  2. Think about which of the following three attributes you would attribute to stakeholders:
    • Power: The ability of stakeholders to influence the performance, activities, operations, and outcomes of a project, i.e., one stakeholder A can make another stakeholder B do something that B would not have done otherwise.
    • Legitimacy: the authority to make claims. Look for stakeholders who are entitled to make claims that are considered legitimate.
    • Urgency: the degree to which stakeholder claims require immediate attention. How important it is to respond quickly to stakeholder expectations and demands?
  3. Stakeholders who possess only one of the three attributes are referred to as latent stakeholders. They are therefore given the least attention in relation to the others. The second most important group is represented by the expectant stakeholders, who are assigned two attributes. The greatest attention, on the other hand, is given to the definitive stakeholders, who have all three attributes.
  4. Derive clear responsibilities for dealing with the (external) project stakeholders from the corresponding roles and attributes.


  • The model enables a better overview of the stakeholders in a project, a deeper understanding of their influence and provides valuable information for strategic and communication planning.
  • The method provides indications of stakeholders that are not yet sufficiently considered.
  • Through continuous development, this model provides a good overview of all stakeholders throughout the project lifecycle.


  • It sometimes requires lengthy discussion as to which attributes to assign to a stakeholder.
  • It is a subjective process; bias can influence effectiveness.
  • This model assumes that the attributes are present or absent, ignoring gradual gradations.

Advice from practice

  • Take time for the Stakeholder Salience model. It is very important in order to engage with your stakeholders and additionally can save time and contribute significantly to the success of the project through targeted actions as the project progresses.
  • Start with a broad list of stakeholders and gradually narrow the circle of relevant stakeholders. You will also gain insights if you determine that no relevant stakeholder is involved. Then you can save resources accordingly.
  • The model is dynamic. This means that stakeholders can be added, disappear, or move from one group to another over the course of the project. Therefore, you should continuously check the list of stakeholders and the corresponding assignment of attributes.
Please note that the tools and methods were created as of August 2024 and all Miro Boards are editable.
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